Saturday, October 1

Iban-English Dictionary

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SITI ari bup ti benung dikarang aku diatu, iya nya Iban-English Dictionary ti ngantika dichelak. Tang sebedau dichelak aku dulu deka ngeluarka sebagi ari karang aku tu enggau tuju ngulihka komen tauka timbal (feedback) ari bala pemacha, ti ulih nentuka presentasi aku betul, patut diubah tauka enda. Aku arapka bup tu ila ukai semina tau meri guna ti besai ngagai nembiak sekula ti deka belajarka jaku Iban enggau English tang mega dituju ngagai sida ti ari luar sekula ti bisi nemu bejaku orang putih dikena nambahka pengelandik sida iya.

 

A numerical classifier One=Sa, Se, Si used before singular noun when the referent is unspecified such as Sa(tu)=Satu or Se (iti)= Siti or piece and Se(batang)=Sebatang or a piece of tiang ( a post), ruku (a cigarette), senapang ( a gun or rifle). These numerical classifier can also be used before number collectives such as Se(buah)=Sebuah or unit of rumah (house), kerita (cars) or kapal (ship) and Se(pating)=Sepating or a bunch of buah (fruits), bungai (flowers), dan (branches) or Se(raban)=Seraban or an army of soldadu (soldiers), semut (ants) and urang (assembly of people).

Aba prep. to indicate containment, location, position, scene, whereabouts or venue such as above, at, below, in, near, on, nearby, over, under, underneath, within, etc.

Aba ni adv. & conj. where.

Abad n. century, period of 100 years.

Abak (1) n. cutting chips, undercuts made in a tree for felling or wedged-shaped chips; vt/vi abak/ngabak to undercut; n. pengabak one who undercuts or chips; pref. beabaka in the act or instance of undercutting.

Abak (2) n. (poet) expenses incurred based on the size of the family.

Abang n. a noble title given to Malay men in Sarawak above Awang and below

Awangku.

Abap n. a species of betel vine or sirih; adj. beabap (of land) yielding plenty of abap. See also kechundai and pantung.

Abar n. the act of dabbling or stirring in water esp. in a moving boat in order toreduce speed; vt/vi. abar/ngabar to dabble or stir in water; n. pengabar dabbler, stirrer; pref. beabarka in the act of dabbling or stirring.

Abas (1) n. (of a decision/pemutus penemu) inquiry, a systematic investigation, the act of inquiring; vt. abas/ngabas to inquire, ask about or make a search; n. pengabas inquirer; pref. beabaska in the act of inquiring.

Abas (2) n. (of the depth/penalam ) probe, the action of probing vt. abas/ngabas to probe (as if with) a probe; n. pengabas prober, one who probes; pref. beabaska in the act of probing.

Abas (3) n. (of the farms/umai) the act of going and seeing; vt/vi. abas/ngabas to go and see; pengabas one who goes and sees; pref. beabaska in the act or instance of going and seeing.

Abas (4) n. (of the fish traps/bubu ) inspection, close examination; vt. abas/ngabas to

inspect or examine closely; n. pengabas inspector, examiner; pref. beabaska in the act of inspecting or close examining.

Abas (5) n. (of the fortune teller/tukang tujum ) consultation, the act of consulting; vt.

abas/ngabas to consult or refer to; n. pengabas consultant; pref. beabaska in the act of consulting or referring.

Abas (6) (of the security of the land/pengelikun menua ) study, careful examination or observation; n. pengabas observer, one who observes or studies; pref. beabaska in the act of studying or observing.

Abas (7) n. (of the sick/pesakit) visit, call; the act of visiting or calling; n.pengabas

visitor; pref. beabaska in the act or instance of visiting.

Abas 8 n. (of the truth) search, the act of seeking or searching; n. pengabas searcher, seeker; pref. beabaskka in the act of searching or seeking.

Abau n. a conical fish trap; vt/vi abau/ngabau to set such on a barrier across the river or dam; n. pengabau one who sets such.

Abi n. coloured spot, stain; vt/vi. abi/ngabi to cause staining; n. pengabi stainer; pref. beabika in the act or instance of staining; abi chat a stain of paint.

Abi n. cut, incision; vt/vi. abi/ngabi to cut or incise with an edged instrument; n. pengabi incisor or one who cuts or incises; pref. beabika in the act of cutting or incising.

Abi n. indication, mark; abi/ngabi to indicate or mark, adj. beabi or berabi indicated, marked; n. pengabi indicator, marker; pref. beabika in the act of indicating or marking; abi jari a hand mark; abi kaki a foot mark; abi tanda identifying mark; abi pat engraving mark.

Abi n. cicatrix, old wound, scar; vt/vi. abi/ngabi to scar; beabi or berabi scarred.

Abi n. injury; abi besi injury caused by anything metallic in nature esp. that of

knives, choppers, swords or spears in general; abi gigit a biting mark; abi kaus a scratch; abi lunsin a stripe of flogging; abi rajai a bruise.

Abi besi n. a token clearing or stroke of clearing marking the start of farming activity held during the rite of the clearing of farm.

Abih adj. See also abih, ambis and embih.

Abis (1) adj. (as of food, expenses) consumed, exhausted, used up.

Abis (2) adj. (as of work) finished, completed; vt/vi. abis/ngabis to finish or complete; n. n. pengambis completion, end, last part; adv. beabis-abis completely, wholly. see also abih, ambih, ambis, embih.

Abis (3) adj. (as of studies) achieved, accom-plished; attained; vt. abis/ngabis to achieve, accomplish, attain; n. pengabis achievement, accompl-ishment, attainment.

Abis (4) adj. (as of activities, programs) ended, come to an end; n.pengabis an end.

Abis (5) adv. foremost, utmost used to describe the superlative degree; abis tinggi the superlative degree of high.

Abis (6) adv. most, the majority of; abis mayuh bansa di Sarawak iya nya bansa Iban the majority of the people in Sarawak are the Ibans.

Abis (7) adv. altogether, totally, wholly; n.pengabis a state of altogetherness, wholeness;

abis lengis sekayu rumah the whole of the longhouse folks.

Abu (n) Antu Abu ancestral spirit and one of the war deities in the Iban folklore.

Abu n.fine dusts, flying dusts, fine powder, fine ash; vt/vi abu/ngabu to throw dusts; adj.

beabu or ngabu dusty, flying like dusts, producing dusts; n. pengabu one who throws dust; pref. beakuka in the act of throwing dusts.

Abuk (1) n. dry dirts, mess, shavings; adj. beabuk /ngabuk dirty, messy, shavy; vt/vi.

ngabuk to make dirty or messy; n. pengabuk dirtiness, messiness; one who makes dirty or messy.

Abuk (2) n. fine dusts, flying dusts, fine particles; vt/vi. ngabuk to make dusty; adj.

beabuk or ngabuk dusty; n. pengabuk dustiness; one who makes dusty; abuk jalai dusts on the road; penyapu abuk duster.

Abuk (3) n. potatoes; adj. beabuk (of the land) yielding plenty of abuk; abuk manis

sweet potatoes; abuk rebus boiled potato; kebun abuk potato garden; pekebun abuk potato gardener; sirap abuk potato chips.

Abuk (4) n. sawdusts, wood shavings.

Abuk lalai n. (poet) something acquired or gained and kept confidential.

Abul n. float, something floating, something light floating on water; adj. abul-

bul/ ngabul buoyant, floating.

Abul n. head of a dart or arrow; adj. beabul fitted with such.

Abung n. a celestial prince and son of Ribai.

Abup n. a bogeyman or masked man used to check a child. See also indai guro or indai muam.

Abus n. ashes from burnt materials, cinders; vi. ngabus to burn into ashes; adj. Beabus or ngabus ashy, ashened, cinde-rous, burnt into ashes; abus ruku cigare-tte ash; mangkuk abus ash tray.

Abus n. (Hari Abus) Ash Wedn-esday.

Acha n. baulk, balk, an act or instance of baulking; vt. acha/ngacha to baulk or balk or a stop short and refused to proceed; n. pengac-ha baulker, balker.

Acha n. distur-bance, irritation, provocation, annoyance; vt. acha/ngacha to disturb,

irritate, provoke or tease persistently; n. pengacha annoyer, disturber, irritator, provoker, teaser.

Achak (1) adj. partially deaf, hard of hearing; adj. ngachak deafening; vt. ngachak to deafen.

Achak (2) n. partial deafness, hearing problem.

Achang n. domestic pigeon; anak achang squab; rumah achang pigeon hole.

Achar (1) n. pickle, solution for preserving; pickling, the act of preserving in a pickle;

achar/ngachar to preserve in a pickle; achar buah fruit pickle; achar sayur vegetable pickle.

Achar (2) (ginti achar) spoon-bait, spinner, metal or shell fishing lure; vt/vi.

achar/ngachar to spoon-bait; n. pengachar spoon-baiter, spinner.

Achir (1) n. disorder, litter, mess up; vt/vi. achir/ngachir to litter or mess up; n.

pengachir litterer; adj. beachir-achir in disorder, messed up; pref. beachirka in the act or instance of disordering or littering..

Achir (2) n. (of works) disorganization, state of disorganization; vt. achir/ngachir to

disorganize; n. pengachir disorganizer; adj. beachir-achir disorganized; pref. beachirka in a state disorganizing.

Achir (3) n. (of food for the fowls) n. scatter, reckless distribution, act of scattering; n.

achir quantity or something scattered; n. pengachir scatterer; vt/vi.

achir/ngachir to scatter or cast in all directions; adj. beachir-achir scattered; pref. beachirka in the act or instance of scattering.

Achir (4) n. spread, something spread over a surface area; vt/vi. achir/ngachir to spread

e.g. paddy on the drying mat; n. pengachir spreader, one who spreads; instrument used for spreading.

Achuk (1) n. a pierce, thrust, penetration; act of piercing, thrusting or penetrating sharply or painfully; vt/vi. achuk/ngachuk to pierce, thrust or penetrate sharply or painfully; n. pengachuk piercer, thruster, penetrator or instrument used for piercing or thrusting; pref. beachukka in the act or instance of piercing or thrusting.

Achuk (2) n. a touch, light stroke or tap; the act or instance of touching; vt/vi.

achuk/ngachuk to touch esp. with a finger or stick; n. pengachuk toucher, something used for touching.

Achuk (3) n. insertion, dip, poke, act or instance of inserting, dipping or poking; vt/vi.

achuk/ngachuk to insert, dip or poke; n. pengachuk inserter, dipper, poker; pref.

beachukka in the act or instance of inserting, dipping or poking.

Achuk (4) n. incitement, inducement, instigation, a state of inciting or instigating;

vt. beachauk ati pangan diri instigating one another; adj. beachuk-achuk instigating persistently; n. pengachuk incitor, inducer, instigator.

Achuk mata empeleman (poet/riddle) adj. completely dark, in total darkness.

Ada (1) adv. coincidently, happening at the same time, occurring simultaneously; lebuh kami nyebut nama iya, iya lalu datai while we mention his name he coincidently comes.

Ada (2) adv. immediately, instantly, straightaway.

Ada (3) adj. born, delivered; vi. ngada to deliver; n. pengada birth; ada lalu stillborn, stillbirth, the birth of a dead infant, premature dead; ada menawa born with defects or deformity, having a congenital defects; pengada anak childbirth; hari pengada birthday; surat pengada birth certificate; anak ada biological child, real child, natural child; anak ada lalu stillborn baby or child; anak ada lulus stillborn child baby or child; anak baru ada newborn, newly born baby; ada bekarung (of newly delivered infant) enclosed in a fluid sac; indai ada biological mother, real mother, natural mother; apai ada biological father, real father, natural father.

Adai adj. (of the Balau Iban ) no, don’t have.

Adai pen adv.(of the Balau Iban ) indeed, infact.

Adai si adv (of the Balau Iban ) none, not any.

Adai si adv & Pron, pl (of the Balau Iban ) not at all, in no way, to no extend.

Adai si adv. & pron, pl (of the Balau Iban ) nobody.

 

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