KUALA LUMPUR: Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad yesterday launched a policy aimed at making the people feel safe in the country.
The prime minister said the Security and Public Order Policy (DKKA) will also ensure that Malaysia remains a sovereign, peaceful, prosperous and respected nation in the world arena while keeping the people united and safeguarding national interests.
He said that although Malaysia can take pride in being the 16th out of 163 countries in the Global Peace Index 2019, what is more important is the reduction of criminal cases in the country so that the people can feel they are safe.
“This policy is designed to be a guide and reference to address various ever-challenging issues in the security and public order sector,” he said when launching the policy.
Dr Mahathir said the DKKA is most needed at a time that the country is facing complex security threats which are difficult to address through conventional means.
“The government has the responsibility to guarantee the security of the country and the people. A safe and peaceful country will contribute to the prosperity and well-being of the people,” he said.
The prime minister said the world now faces various complex security challenges and these threats pose a huge challenge to any government in the world to ensure the security of the country and the people.
Dr Mahathir said security and public order encompass all aspects, from upholding the constitution and the institutions of religion, race and country; strengthening of border security; ensuring security and public order; combating the drug threat and safeguarding the country’s important assets and installations.
He said it is hoped that the policy will resolve the issue of overlapping policies and help to streamline them.
He also said that the economy needs a stable and peaceful environment to grow and this growth will be made difficult if the country is in turmoil.
He said the government had drafted Shared Prosperity Vision and it would be the foundation for development under 12th Malaysia Plan (12MP) so it is important for all policies to be formulated including security policy in line with the primary aspirations of the country.
Dr Mahathir said even though Malaysia is proud to be ranked 16th out of 163 countries in Global Peace Index 2019, which was a jump from 25th in 2018, there are still many aspects which needed attention and improvements.
“We are proud with the achievement but more importantly there should be a fall in criminal cases to make the people feel safer living in this country,” he said.
He said since the 14th general election, many changes have taken place which required a new strategy in security aspect.
Several laws related to security and public order are being studied and they included the Sedition Act 1948, Prevention of Crime Act 1959 (POCA), Printing Presses and Publications Act 1984, Security Offences ( Special Measures) Act 2012 (SOSMA), Peaceful Assembly Act 2012, Prevention of Terrorism Act 2015 (POTA) , and Penal Code 1957 (Peaceful Assembly), he said.
Dr Mahathir said external threats also contributed to the rise of threats to the country’s security and order.
They include cross-border crimes, especially ideologies and teachings propagating violence against the country’s religions, cultures and laws, smuggling of goods and migrants, piracy, money laundering, decadent culture and organised crimes, he said.
“To combat these threats, holistic policies are needed including fostering strategic cooperation at global level,” he said.
Social media for example has become the leading platform to disrupt racial unity and create anxiety and fear among the people and this is all aimed at creating instability against the ruling government, he said.
Criminal activities such as trafficking and addiction of drugs, illegal gambling, gangsterism, forging identity documents as well as index crimes using more complex modus operandi as well as the use of new technologies, he said.
The lack of assets and capability of security agencies in controlling the border of the country also contributed to the rise of crimes in the country, he added.
Dr Mahathir said there is a need for new and creative approaches to combat such challenges and complex issues.Security agencies, he said need to change from traditional approach to approaches based on Industrial Revolution 4.0 (IR4.0) to empower the delivery of service in the security sector.
The use of artificial intelligence or AI, drone, automation based robotics, cloud computing and internet of things will be able to reduce cost and manpower while raising efficiency to face such security challenges and issues, he said.
The Home Affairs Ministry (KDN) in a statement said DKKA outlined six core areas and 21 strategies as guide and reference for all interested parties in facing various security and public order issues now.
Among them are the defence and uphold of the Constitution and key national institutions, improving governance and integrity, strengthening security control at the country’s border as well as combating the drug menace, he said.
According to KDN, the DKKA theme’s ‘Public Safety and Peace: Shared Responsibility” was chosen to ensure the effectiveness of the policy as an important national agenda. — Bernama